7 Essential Garden Maintenance Tips

Jun 6, 2015 |

One of the integral components of a viable garden is the care and maintenance. Whether you decide to go about it yourself or decide to hire a professional to maintain your garden, the same question arises; how should a garden be maintained?  Many people in the country will attest to the fact that a garden can actually fail if not well taken care of. As such, it is important to understand how to properly take care of your garden. The golden rule here is to discover any problem within the garden in good time and handle it appropriately. Proper maintenance of the garden will reward you with beautiful and fragrant flowers as well as healthy vegetables, herbs or even fruits.

Regardless of what you are growing, there are some basic things that any garden requires. For instance, any garden requires:

  • Watering
  • Fertile soil
  • Sunshine

While these are the basic requirements for garden plants to grow, you have to go an extra mile to get that attractive landscape in your home. Any well established pollinator garden needs to be well taken care of. Generally, a few simple gardening practices can actually keep your plants flourishing for a really long time and in any season. The following are the seven basic garden maintenance tips.


Owing to their deep roots, native perennials that are well established require little water for them to flourish. However, young perennials need to be watered adequately. While watering garden plants, you should water adequately, allowing the water to sink in and not to run-off. During the dry months, especially in summer months, garden plants should be watered more regularly as compared to the wet months.  Basically, annuals and new garden plants have to be monitored regularly during these dry months to make sure that they do not dry out due to lack of water. After the rains, you need to adjust your watering schedule to ensure that you do not over water the plants because this has its disadvantages as well.  A well watered garden flourishes very well improving the overall appearance of your home.

Know Your Site

This is an essential step when planning your garden. Before planting the garden or adding a new plant, you should first study the site carefully with regards to its capabilities to support more plants. Some of the things you need to consider are:

  • Soil conditions
  • Light
  • Weather

Plants that are grown in their desired growing conditions require minimal maintenance for them to flourish as compared to those grown in a garden that does not offer their favorable growing conditions. Therefore, you also need to take into account the requirements of the plant you would like to grow in your garden and whether your garden can provide such conditions. You should consider planting low-water loving plants if the soil in your garden is quick-draining sandy soil. However, if the soil in your garden is constantly moist, you may consider planting bog plants.

Plant Strategically

A sustainable garden is established right from the design phase. When designing your garden, you need to select the plants to include in your garden. Basically, whenever possible, it is advisable to go for the native plants and shrubs. These are easy to maintain as they are suited to the climatic conditions. Since native plants and shrubs are already adapted to the environment, they are drought-resistant hence require minimal watering for them to flourish. They are also more resistant to pests and weeds. When choosing the plants to include in your garden, it is also advisable to avoid invasive species. These tend to compete with the other plants in the garden leading to failure of some plants in the garden. If you have such plants in your garden, you should consider removing them because it is highly possible that they are the ones leading to poor results in the garden.

It also helps to be aware of the microclimate around your garden. This way you will be in a position to decide on the best suited plant species for your garden. The stronger and healthier the plants in your garden are, the better because they will require fewer resources to maintain. In addition to these, strategic planting in the garden can also improve energy efficiency of your home. For instance, planting trees along the southern side of your home can bring down the cost of cooling in summer as well as the cost of heating in winter.

Fertilize Organically

Basically, chemical pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers pollute the environment and can lead to soil degradation in the garden. To avoid this problem, you should use only organic fertilizers to improve soil fertility in your garden. Additionally, you should keep track of soil fertility in your garden by testing it regularly. This will ensure that the plants in your garden remain healthy hence reducing maintenance costs. Instead of using chemical based pesticides, you should consider using practicing integrated pest management programs to prevent and get rid of pests from your garden. You may also use biological pest control methods such as introducing spiders, praying mantis and ladybugs into the farm.

Prune Strategically

To make the plants in your garden stronger and healthy, you should exercise selective pruning from time to time. On the other hand, shearing garden plants weakens them therefore; this should be avoided at all cost. For better looking and healthy garden plants, you must know proper pruning techniques, how, when and how much each plant in your garden should be pruned.


In vegetable gardens, mulching is very essential. This is mainly done to reduce excessive loss of water from the soil as well as to suppress the growth of weeds in the garden. A layer of mulch in a vegetable garden should be between 3 and 4 inches thick. Organic mulches are more preferred for this purpose. Organic mulches comprise of:

  • Shredded dry leaves
  • Straw
  • Dry grass clippings
  • Compost

When organic mulches decompose, they add plant nutrients into the soil. This is basically why they are more preferred than synthetic mulches.


Weeds are harmful to garden plants as they compete with the plants for light, space and nutrients. Generally, weeds should be removed when the soil has about 80 percent humidity content. This is the case particularly when removing the weeds mechanically. For healthy garden plants, you should have your garden weeded regularly.

Well Weeded Path

Taking proper care of garden flowers and plants ensures that they are health. As such, they will be able to produce flowers that color and provide fragrance to your home. A garden that is well taken care greatly improves the appearance of the home making it appealing and relaxing at the same time. Such gardens offer the homeowner and guests to the home wondrous nature sights. A health garden is something any home owner would love to have. With the above mentioned tips, it is possible to have such a garden in your compound.

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